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Version history: TAP 1.7 - TAP 2.3

In the following you find list of the changes compared to previous versions of the TAP 2.3, also regarding the TAP 1.7.


  • The TAP 2.3 now supports response keys with USB connector. Parallel ports are still supported (TAP 2.3)
  • Points at the end of a patient's name, which are problematic when storing, will be discarded after the input, as well as spaces (TAP 2.3)
  • In profile view a value of T = 50 will now be shown as a small bar in the middle (TAP 2.3)
  • In case the directory for saving the data is not available when the program is started, a message and a corresponding dialog is displayed (TAP 2.3)
  • To ensure that patients or subjects with little knowledge of English language understand the test procedures, the language of the instructions can now be set separately to English, German, Finnish, French, Italian and Dutch (TAP 2.2)
  • Preliminary normative data for the subtest sustained attention on the basis of a sample with N = 188 and an age range of 19-72 years were included. T-Scores of percentile ranks are given if the age of the subject is within this age range and the subtest condition "color and form" (duration: 15 min) was processed completely. An extension of the sample will be integrated in a future version (TAP 2.2)
  • The process of standard value determination was somewhat modified and optimized to improve discriminatory power in the middle range of performance (around T=50) in those cases, where an additional dispersion correction of raw scores as a function of age was necessary (TAP 2.2)
  • The test results of a patient are now stored locally if they are to be stored on a network drive and the network is down (menu item "Save as ...") (TAP 2.2)
  • The SPSS-Export has been improved: longer subject names are now displayed with up to 24 characters in SPSS. With the TAP 2.1 this has been limited to 8 characters (TAP 2.2)
  • A subtest can be interrupted during the presentation of the instructions by pressing the X button (not F5 as with version 1.7).
  • During a test run an interruption is possible by pressing one of the two reaction keys for a longer time. You get the message: "Keep your finger off the key, please! C: Continue X: Exit:". The test can then be aborted  by pressing "X"
  • New program options: Creating a test profile, data export to CSV for editing in Microsoft Excel, help menu
  • Normative data of relevant parameters to be included in the test profile is now displayed in bold in the results output
  • Printing the results the page number and a header displaying the program name is now shown
  • 19-yea-old people are now included in the norm sample of adults


Changes in the subtests

  • Alertness
    • If the subject has not responded to the visual stimulus within the response window the message "No reaction" is displayed. But it need not be confirmed in with F2 as with version 1.7. Instead, the next trial follows automatically
  • Covert Shift of Attention  
    • The number of stimuli can not be varied; 100 trials will be presented automatically
    • It's not possible to trace eye movements any longer
  • Crossmodal Integration  
    • 40 Trials are carried out automatically
    • No more example sounds are presented
    • Because of asymmetries in the norm sample standards normative data is only be displayed up to 59 years
  • Divided Attention  
    • It can't be chosen among different series any more
    • There is a new condition with central visual as well as asynchronous auditive stimuli
  • Eye Movement   
    • The critical stimuli have changed compared to version 1.7. Therefore there is no normative data anymore
    • The test is automatically performed with 110 trials
  • Flexibility  
    • Reacting to a non-critical stimulus, the respective target stimulus in the next trial is no longer marked by blinking but by a square surrounding the stimulus
    • In the analysis the standardization, separated for trials with and without hand changes, was set aside, because it has been proven to be clinically less relevant
    • In addition to the previously normalized parameters an indexes of overall performance and the speed-accuracy trade-off are given
    • The number of stimuli is fixed on 50 (simple conditions) and 100 (complex conditions)
  • Go/Nogo
    • The test is conducted with a fixed number of trials (Go / Nogo 1: 40, Go / Nogo 2: 60)
    • The children sample was extended to N = 529
  • Incompatibility  
    • The test is automatically carried out with 60 trials
  • Vigilance  
    • The visual and the acoustical subtest don't exist anymore
    • The duration of the test can't be varied anymore, it is set to 30 minutes. But as with all other subtests it can be aborted by holding down a reaction key for several seconds
    • Also the stimulus density can not be varied anymore; the test only exists with low stimulus density.
  • Visual Field/Neglect   
    • For Visual Field and Neglect a new condition exists where one has to react to a central stimulus with a keypress
  • Visual Scanning  
    • The number of stimuli can not be varied anymore; 100 trials will be presented automatically
    • A preliminary test can be conducted
  • Working Memory  
    • The number of stimulus presentations can not be changed and the test is performed automatically with 100 trials
    • The example of the sequence is automatically displayed in the instruction and is static